Kurukshetra is located at Latitude 29°-52′ to 30°- 12′ & Longitude 76°-26′ to 77°-04′ in the North Eastern part of Haryana State. It is surrounded by four districts of Haryana (Ambala, Yamuna Nagar, Karnal & Kaithal) in the East, South, North and Patiala district of Punjab in the North West.
The district is a plain which slopes generally from North East to South West. The plain is remarkable flat and within it, are the narrow low-lying flood plains, known as either Betre Khadar of Naili. A good network of canals is providing irrigational facilities. Underground water level is not relatively high. Tube well irrigation is also common in the district. It is one of the prosperous district from agriculture point of view. Kurukshetra along with Karnal and Kaithal districts is known as the ‘Rice Bowl of India’ and famous for Basmati Rice. The soil is generally alluvial, loam and clay does not constitute average texture of the soil.
Markanda and Saraswati are the important rivers of the district.
Holy rivers Saraswati and Yamuna cover its northern and eastern boundaries and this is another main reason that the place, Kurukshetra become more religious. According to Manu, the tract between the old sacred rivers Saraswati and Drishadvati in Kurukshetra was known as Brahmavarta. Kurukshetra is intimately related to the Aryan civilization and its growth along the Saraswati River.The Markanda river’s ancient name was Aruna.
The ancient Saraswati river was thought to have flowed through Haryana, but it has now disappeared. The Ghaggar rises in the lower Shivalik hills ofouter Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Sutlej and enters Haryana near Pinjore, district Panchkula. Passing through Ambala and Hissar, it reaches Bikaner in Rajasthan and runs a course of 290 miles before disappearing into the deserts of Rajasthan. In rainy seasons it effects a lot of area of Kurukshera District also. During monsoons, this stream swells into a raging torrent notorious for its devastating power. The surplus water is carried on to the Sanisa lake where the Markanda joins the Saraswati.
Kurukshetra lies 260 m above the sea level. The city experiences an extreme continental climate due to the fact that it is far away from the sea. Weather in Kurukshetra varies with the five seasons- Summers, Monsoon, Autumns, Winter and Spring.
Summers are long and stretch from The monsoon rains start with the advent of July that last till August. The Weather Forecasts shows that the average temperature during the daytime of that period goes upto 22° C whereas the evenings become very pleasant and cool. Kurukshetra Weather is usually dry leaving out the monsoon that arrives at the end of June. Kurukshetra gets rain in winters also. The rain helps the farmers of the village to grow the Rabi crops. The rainfall in the city is sufficient.
Autumn knocks the door of the city after the rains. The season remains till November.
The extreme continental climate makes the winters cold when the temperature goes upto 4° C. The cold wave blows from the nearby Himalayas making the winters chilly.
Kurukshetra Weather during the spring is quite enjoyable when the temperature varies between 25° C to 10° C from mid February till the end of March.
The hottest months are May and June and the coldest being December and January.
About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season (July-September).