The economy of the district is primarily agrarian, An overwhelming work force is engaged as cultivators and agriculture labourers. The district enjoys an ideal location benefits being situated adjacent to NH 1. It is coming up as an industrial belt and has started throbbing with the wide spectrum of developmental activities and unfolds immense potential of industrial opportunities. Farming is the main occupation of the people as a sizeable percentage i.e. over 90% of people are engaged in various agricultural pursuits. Wheat and Rice are the main crops of the district. Among the commercial crops sugarcane is an important crop of this district. It covers approximately an area of 12 thousand hectares in the district Kurukshetra. Cultivation of vegetables especially of potato is very popular in Kurukshetra district. The approximate production of potato crop in Kurukshetra district is about 5645 tonns.
Land Use Pattern of the district :
The total Geographical area of the district is 164335 ha. Out of this, the total cultivable area is 142432 hectare which is 86.67% and non-cultivable area (including forest area of 1917 ha) is 21903 hectare which is 13.32%. The non-cultivable land includes waste land, land with trees & groves, permanent pastures and land under non-agricultural use. The major soil types are loamy (alluvial) and sandy soils. The Gross Cropped Area is 266000 ha and the cropping intensity is 177%. The Gross Irrigated Area is 266000 ha. The major sources of irrigation are canals, bore wells and pump sets. There is no rain fed area as such. The major sources of water in this district are two rivers- Markanda (perennial) and Saraswati (seasonal), two canals- SYL and Narwana Branch and bore wells and Bibipur Lake.
Related Links : Kurukshetra District Gazetteer – 2009 (Chapter – IV Agriculture and Irrigation)
Agro Climate Region : Trans-Gangetic Plains Region
Ground Water Information Booklet
Drainage System Kurukshetra
Market Today Price Rates
To supplement the income, dairy farming and cattle rearing is another occupation adopted by the people which is strengthening economy of the district. Most of the agriculturists are engaged in either dairy farming, poultry farming, pig farming etc.as a side business. To support this occupation there is wide network of veterinary facilities which includes Civil Veterinary Hospital, Dispensaries and Stockmen Centres, as well as Artificial Insemination Centres, Poultry-cum-Piggery Centre. There are Milk plants in private sector in Kurukshetra itself, whereas another one is situated just near Kurukshetra i.e. in Karnal. A wide net work of Milk Cooperative Societies is adding to the economic condition of poor rural people.
Being agriculture based economy, industrial set up in the district is also agro based, as there are number of small and big Rice Shellers and Wheat Processing Units. A conscious attempt has been made by the District Industries Centre, Kurukshetra to identify the small-large scale industry having scope in the district. For promotion of industrialisation, a special Sector i.e. Sector-3 has been developed as Industrial Area where number of small scale units have been established.
The District also boosts of wide network of Commercial Bank branches. The Punjab National Bank is the Lead Bank of the district. Commercial banks, Regional Rural Bank (Ambala Kurukshetra Gramin Bank) and Co-operative banks look after the financial needs of the growing economy of the district.